History of Jaipur
Maharaja Jai Singh II, a Kachhwaha Rajput, who was ruled from 1699 to 1744, Jaipur founder, the pink city in 1727. Originally his capital was Amber
, which lies at a distance of 10 kms from Jaipur
. Maharaja (King) feel the need to shifting his capital city due to increase in population and growing scarcity of water. Jaipur is the first planned city of India and the Maharaja (King) took great importance while designing this city of success.
After many battles with Marathas, Jai Singh was devoted on the security aspect of the city. Due to this motive, he focused on his scientific and enlightening interests to make a dazzling city. Being, a lover of mathematics and science, Jai Singh wanted advice from Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, a Brahmin scholar of Bengal, to give support to him design the city structural design. Vidyadhar referred the ancient Indian journalism on astronomy, books of Ptolemy and Euclid, and discussed the preparation with the King.
With a calculated plan, the construction of the city on track in 1727. It took around 4 years to complete the major palaces, roads and square. The city was build following the main beliefs of Shilpa Shastra, the Indian structural design. The city was divided into nine blocks, out of which two consist the state buildings and palaces, while the remaining seven blocks were selected to the public. In order to ensure the security, huge fortification walls were made along with seven physically powerful gates. According to that time, design of the town was very highly developed and certainly the best in Indian subcontinent.
In 1853, when Prince of Wales visit Jaipur, the whole city was painted in Pink color to greeting him. Still, the orderly and broadly laid-out avenues, decorated in pink provide a magical charm to the city. Jaipur is rich in its enlightening and architectural attractiveness, which can be traced in the various chronological and aesthetic places that exist in in the city. This city of conquest really wins the hearts of the people with its impressive personality.
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